The First Case of Microbiologically Detected Macrorhapdus ornithogaster and Candida spp. infection from Two Budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus) in Turkey
Sibel KIZIL1, Aziz Utku ÖNEL1, Efsun Melike ÇEÇEN1, Murat YILDIRIM1, Oğuz KUL2
1. Department of Microbiology, University of Kırıkkale, Faculty of Veterinary, Ankara Street, 71450, Kırıkkale, Türkiye.
2. Department of Pathology, University of Kırıkkale, Faculty of Veterinary, Ankara Street, 71450, Kırıkkale, Türkiye.
Abstract: In this case, a 3-year-old budgie with swelling on its chest is presented. Physical examination revealed swelling in the chest, shedding of the feathers, and restlessness. The swelling in the chest was relieved by puncture and the animal was partially relieved; but re-formed later. It was learned that despite the use of many antibiotics, noresponse was obtained. The samples from the budgerigars were incubated at 37°C in Blood Agar, Mac Conkey Agar, Nutrient Agar and 21°C in Sabouraud Dextrose Agar under aerobic and microaerophilic conditions. Colonies grown on microaerophilic cultivation were evaluated. As a result of the conventional identification, Macrorhabdus ornithogaster (M. ornithogaster) and Candida spp. detected. Acidic water and probiotic therapy were recommended. In this study, zoonotic M. ornithogaster was determined in budgerigars for the first time in Turkey. Significant improvement in the budgerigar, improvement in feathers, regrowth, and reduction in breast swelling were detected. It should not be ignored that yeast infections can also be seen in budgeie due to bacterial infections and occasional feding with poor quality feeds.
Keywords: Budgie, Candida spp., Macrorhabdus ornithogaster.
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