• Use of Energy Resources as an Element of Energy Policy in South Korea, Japan and Turkey

    Sıtkı Selim DOLANAY1, Latif Onur UĞUR2, Bekir Sami OĞUZTÜRK3

    1.Dr, Süleyman Demirel University, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Department of Economics, selimdolanay@hotmail.com, Ankara, Turkey.
    2.Asst. Prof., Düzce University, Faculty of Technology and Civil Engineering, latifugur@duzce.edu.tr, Düzce, Turkey.
    3.Assoc. Prof., Süleyman Demirel University, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Department of Economics, bekiroguzturk@sdu.edu.tr, Isparta, Turkey.

    Abstract: While the experience of the 1970s has led to the discovery of the economics of energy, we can also say that countries have made radical changes in energy policies. After two oil crises in the 1970s, countries have sought to utilize alternative energy resources and to diversify their primary energy supply. The aim was to protect their own countries’ industries and to ensure the security of primary energy supply from the impact of sudden oil price increases. In recent years, diversification of resources has taken the environmental impacts of alternative sources of oil into account. In this context, renewable energy resources have been increasingly utilized. In addition to the water power used to obtain energy for many years, wind and solar energy, geothermal energy and biomass energy have also been utilized. Thus, an important element of the energy policy in the world has turned to utilize alternative energy sources by reducing dependence on oil. For this purpose, it is important to reduce the dependency on fossil fuels such as oil, which can be consumed in other reserves. However, in addition to renewable energy sources, the utilization of natural gas and nuclear power plants has continued at an accelerating rate. South Korea and Japan have given importance to nuclear power plants. Although Turkey has tried to diversify sources of energy supply after the oil crisis of the 1970s, the heavy-dependancy on imported fossil fuels still lasts. As Turkey began to turn to natural gas -another fossil fuels- instead of oil, the dependence on natural oil increases, while dependency on oil decreases. With the changes in energy policies in Turkey since the 2000s, it has begun to shift to renewable energy sources and the establishment of nuclear power plants.

    Keywords: Oil, Oil crisis, Natural gas, Primary energy supply, Primary energy demand, Energy use.

    Pages: 275 – 291 | Full PDF Paper