1. Design as a Tool in Prioritizing Domestic Problems

    Dr. Alaa El Anssary1, Dr. Ahmed Wahby2

    1. Faculty of Applied Arts, Helwan University.
    2. Faculty of Applied Sciences and Arts, German University in Cairo.

    Developing countries face a group of socioeconomic problems which need new creative designed solutions. A holistic approach would be ideal. However, the governments’ financial capabilities disallow such an approach and problems are arranged in a hierarchy that follows a top – bottom approach. Prioritizing socioeconomic problems following a bottom -top scenario is possible based on what the younger generations perceive as the most pressing problems that need to be prioritized.
    The paper implements a methodology of statistically analyzing design problems that were freely determined and researched by design students as the most pressing from their perspective.

    Keywords: Design tool, Domestic Problems, Design Education, Design and Society.

    Pages: 1 – 8 | Full PDF Paper
  2. A Group Art Project: Land Art in Dionysian and Apollonian Attitudes

    Assoc.Prof.Ph.D. C.Arzu AYTEKİN

    İzmir Dokuz Eylül University/TURKEY

    Examined in this research are the application process and produced designs of ‘Group Art Project: Land Art in Dionysian and Apollonian Attitudes’ titled “Establishing New Awareness with Land art in Art Education”, which is created and carried out at the bachelor degree level within the scope of project-based education by the project manager in Buca Faculty of Education, Fine Arts Education Department, Painting Main Art Studio Class of 3B Branch in 2016.
    This is a structured project. The question raised by this project is: Can we create new awareness in both students and the audience with lines and forms applied upon earth through land art using the application ‘Group Art Project: Land art in Dionysian and Apollonian Attitudes’ within the scope of Painting Main Art Studio Class
    This research includes, in line with qualitative research method and techniques, designs produced during the course of the project, an application process, observation of the stages of the project, content analysis and interviews. The project was completed in 4 stages. The first stage (Background Info) involves research and briefing seminars, the second stage deals with designing and determining the stages and, according to designs and arrangements, the natural material to be procured from natural sites and campus yard which will be utilized in the making of land art design; and the third stage consists of obtaining the natural material to be used in the project and formulate plans for their use; determining the practical use of the material; and visual presentations of sketch drawings displaying the first trials. Finally, the fourth stage is concerned with the findings relating to the reflections of the application of the project on the auditors and students.
    The chief purpose in the research is to contribute the respective field through an examination of the creation of new awarenesses, which are to spring form a combination of the Dionysian and Apollonian attitudes – a combination of the ritualistic attitude of Dionysus who unifies with nature and ecstasies and Apollo’s rationality deriving from visuality and harmony -, a combination, in sum, of both the cognitive, order-seeking and imaginative, unconsciously-motivated aspects forming the philosophical and artistic background of land art.

    Keywords: Land art, Project-Based Education, Dionysian and Apollonian Attitude, Group Art Project.

    Pages: 9 – 20 | Full PDF Paper
  3. The Perceived Effect of Extensive Reading on the Development of Students’ Reading Skills

    Semanur BÜYÜKYILDIZ, Gülsüm DURAN

    Teacher Trainees, ELT Department, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey.

    Abstract: There are four skills that students are supposed to gain while learning a language. Reading is one of these major skills and it is an important component in language learning. At the same time, it is closely related to the other language skills since the development of reading skill progresses simultaneously with the development of writing, listening and speaking. For instance, when someone learns how to write in target language, it means that he has already learned how to read in the language. As it is understood from this example, reading is a complementary element in learning a language.Therefore, classroom methodology in reading lessons plays an important role in the development of students’ reading skills.It shapes the students’ point of view to reading skill. Based on that, this paper aims to explain extensive reading that encourages students to read more and often by providing them to experience a wide variety of text types and in extensive reading, students do self-selected reading with only minimal accountability, writing brief summaries or comments on what they have read. (Krashen & Mason, 1997, p.91-102) Associated with this, the study also focuses on the effects of extensive reading on the development of reading skill depending on the attitude of students towards reading.

    Pages: 21 – 25 | Full PDF Paper
  4. Internet Linguistics: Vocabulary Internationalization and Loanwords Adaptation

    Tatsiana Shulha

    PhD at YankaKupala State University of Grodno (Belarus).

    Pages: 26 – 28 | Full PDF Paper