Ornamental Fish Farming and Spatial Distribution in Layang-Layang Kluang District Using Geographic Information System (GIS) and Remote Sensing
Eleanor Daniella Lokman, Mohd Nazri bin Puasa, Rosliadi Rahim, Ong See Ling, Siti Hasshura Hashim, Nurul Nassita bt Lias
Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-Based Industry Malaysia, Wisma Tani, Level 1-6, Blok Menara 4G2, Precinct 4, 62628 Putrajaya.
Abstract: This paper presents a new structure of research in ornamental fish farming among the ornamental fish farmers in malaysia. The potential for further expansion of the industry in malaysia is extensive. however, importing activities are intermittent due to export restrictions made by the european union (eu) from 2015. The objective of this study is to map the 19 ornamental aquaculture farms in layang-layang by creating the compartmentalisation system using geographic information systems (GIS). A total sample population comprised of 19 ornamental fish farmers. Non-spatial data (survey) and spatial data (GIS) were used in the study to capture farm location effect on the farm operational activities especially in fisheries bio-security terms. Descriptive analysis were used to describe the respondent’s socio-economic profile. The relationship between fish farming and the independent variables were cross-tabulated and chi-square analysis was used to test the null hypothesis. The integration of both vector and raster data was used to determine the spatial characteristics on farming activities spatially. The descriptive analysis shows that majority of the farmers were male and married. 34.8% aged 41-50 years old and 41.6% had secondary education level, SPM. majority of the respondents with 7 (36.8%) had a farm scale more than 10ha of farm size. Average total production with 2 millions a year. The goldfish (29%) and tiger barb (8%) are most favorable type of fish reared. A very significant relationship between farming activity and age, education level, total of production and income. The spatial analysis shows that the farmers live less than fifteen (15) kilometres from town to house and farm. The spatial database of the compartmentalized farm is the best solutions for eu requirement that help farm monitoring by fisheries bio-security division.
Keywords: Ornamental Fish, Spatial Analysis, GIS, Fisheries Bio-security, off Farm employment
Pages: 177 – 196 | Full PDF Paper