• Optimization of CO2 emission factors in urban cities of Kuwait

    Ilham Al-Shemmeri1, Sahar Ajrawi2

    1. Ministry of Public Works, Kuwait.
    2. Kuwait National Petroleum Company.

    Abstract: This paper presents a study examining strategies that assist in planning and constructing green buildings in urban cities. Hence, contributing in creating a sustainable environment. Two case studies including commercial and residential buildings in Mutla, Kuwait were analyzed for CO2 emissions. Kuwait code requirements fall significantly short of what is required for low carbon housing. Therefore, energy consumption for the two types of buildings was modeled with an energy simulation software. Furthermore, optimization was carried out on the overall heat transfer coefficient value of the wall, roof and window. Moreover, the solar heat gain coefficient value of the glazing was optimized to improve the environmental performance of housing. Economical study was conducted to determine the effect of cost. The data was optimized with the payback calculations as a necessary optimality condition, which resulted in four optimized values for each case. The emissions decreased by 7% and 10% for the residential and commercial buildings.

    Keywords: Commercial, Residential, Energy Consumption, Optimization, CO2 emissions

    Pages: 241 – 246 | Full PDF Paper