Identification of Unfavorable Climate and Sanitary Periods in Oueme Department in Benin (West Africa)
MEHINTO DOVONOU FLORE1, BOKO Nouvêwa Patrice Maximilien2, HOUSSOU CHRISTOPHE SÈGBÈ3
1. Laboratory Pierre PAGNEY: Climate, Water, Ecosystems and Development (LACEEDE), University of Abomey-Calavi (Bénin).
2. Department of Geography and Regional planning (DGAT), University of Abomey-Calavi (Bénin), firstname.lastname@example.org
3. Institute of Geography, of Regional planning and the Environment (IGATE), University of Abomey-Calavi (Bénin).
Abstract: Since the advent of climate change, the effect of climate on the human body is increasingly felt, this leads to the recrudescence of several pathologies. This study aims to determine the adverse climatic and health periods for people who are sensitive to malaria and acute respiratory infections in the department of Ouémé in Benin. To do this, this study was conducted using descriptive statistics methods, and calculation of bioclimatic indices (K and THI). The data used are the climatological data (rainfall, temperature, relative humidity, insolation and wind) on a monthly scale over the period 1971-2015 and available epidemiological data of all the health centres of the department. The results obtained make it possible to define the months of June, July, August, September and October as unfavourable weather-health periods for malaria and the months of January, February, March, April, May, December and November, as an unfavourable climatic-sanitary period for people sensitive to IRA. In conclusion, the health and sanitary periods unfavourable for the IRA are the harmattan months (January, February, December) and the unfavourable weather-health periods for the malaria-sensitive are the beginning months (March and September) and the end (July and September). November) of rainy seasons. It can be noted that, from the point of view of health and climate, adaptation measures are necessary for the sustainable development of the country.
Keywords: Benin, Department of Ouémé, bioclimatic environments, climato-sanitary, malaria, acute respiratory infections (ARI).
Pages: 257 – 274 | Full PDF Paper